Lepidoptera - Moths

Moths have been around for about 150 million years. There are more than 110,000 species and they are responsible for pollinating the majority of our plants. Each moth is given a number, known as the Hodges number. This system came about in 1983.

Caterpillars are host specific meaning that particular types or type of plant is a must for them to survive. Caterpillars have 13 segments and 5 pairs of prolegs. If you find one with more than 5 prolegs, it could be a sawfly. Caterpillars grow by molting and will molt 5 times with some surprising and interesting variety in their appearance after a molt. The change from a caterpillar to a moth is remarkable; inside the cocoon the caterpillar turns to a liquid goo and all the parts reform – truly an amazing aspect of nature!

Fifty-five percent of overwintering moths are in their pupae form. For the other 45%, but the best source for most of this info is BugGuide.net; this website will also provide many other resources from research papers to books.

I’ve tried to make this simple. You can go straight to the families and look at all the pictures of the different moths I have photographed under that family. From those photos, you’ll be able to click on the caption and go to the individual species’ page for further info. The families and the moths within each family are listed alphabetically by their common name; again, for ease of use.

I have done my best to make these IDs correctly but if I’ve made a mistake, please let me know! Many thanks for the help I’ve received from folks at BugGuide, Moth Photographers Group, several Facebook groups and a couple of good friends! All the info that I have provided came from this list of references.

Acrolophidae (Burrowing Webworm Moths)
Acrolophus arcanella – Hodges #0340
Acrolophus
sp

Apatelodidae (Apatelodid Moths)
Spotted Apatelodes – Apatelodes torrefacta – Hodges #7663

Argyresthiidae (Shiny Head standing Moths)
Cherry Shoot Borer – Argyresthia oreasella – Hodges #2467

Blastobasidae (Scavenger Moths)
Pigrita sp

Choreutidae (Metalmark Moths)
Everlasting Tebenna Moth -Tebenna gnaphaliella – Hodges#2647

Coleophoridae (Casebearer Moths)
Large Clover Casebearer – Coleophora trifolii – Hodges #1388
Metallic Casebearer — Coleophora mayrella – Hodges #1387
Silk Casebearer — Coleophora sp

Cossidae (Carpenterworm and Leopard Moths)
Robin’s Carpenterworm – Prionoxystus robiniae

Crambidae (Crambid Snout Moths)
Alfalfa Webworm – Loxostege cereralis – Hodges #5017
Beet Webworm —  Loxostege sticticalis – Hodges #5004
Bog Lygropia – Lygropia rivulalis – Hodges #5250
Bold feathered Grass Moth – Herpetogramma pertexalis – Hodges #5275
Carrot Seed Moth – Sitochroa palealis – Hodges #4986.1
Celery Leaftier – Udea rubigalis – Hodges #5079
Changeable Grass-veneer —  Fissicrambus mutabilis – Hodges #5435
Chestnut-marked Pondweed Moth – Parapoynx badiusalis – Hodges #4761
Double-banded Grass-veneer — Crambus agitatellus – Hodges #5362
Double-striped Scoparia —  Scoparia biplagialis – Hodges #4716
Eastern Grass Veneer – Crambus laqueatellus – Hodges #5378
Elegant Grass-veneer Moth — Microcrambus elegans – Hodges #5420
European Corn Borer — Ostrinia nubilalis – Hodges #4949
Genista Broom Moth — Uresiphita reversalis – Hodges #4992
Grape Leaffolder or White-headed Grape Leaffolder – Desmia funeralis-maculalis-sp – Hodges #5159 or 5160 respectively
Lucerne Moth – Nomophila nearctica – Hodges #5156
Mottled Grass-veneer – Neodactria luteolellus – Hodges #5379
Raspberry Pyrausta — Pyrausta signatalis – Hodges #5034
Snowy Urola – Urola nivalis – Hodges #5464
Sod Webworm – Pediasia trisecta – Hodges #5413
Splendid Palpita – Palpita magniferalis – Hodges #5226
Titian Peale’s Crambid – Perispasta caeculalis – Hodges #4951
Vagabond Crambus – Agriphila vulgivagellus – Hodges #5403
Variable Reddish Pyrausta – Pyrausta rubricalis – Hodges #5051
Waterlily Leafcutter – Elophia obliteralis – Hodges #4755
White roped Glaphyria – Glphyria sequistialis – Hodges #4870
Yellow spotted Webworm – Anageshna primordialis – Hodges #5176

Depressariidae
Agonopterix argillacea – Hodges #0889
Canadian Agonopterix – Agonopterix canadensis – Hodges #0878
Clemens’ Agonopterix – Agonopterix clemensella – Hodges #0862
Featherduster Agonopterix – Agonopterix pulvipennella – Hodges #0867

Elachistidae (Grass Miner Moths)
Gonioterma mistrella – Hodges #1032
Grass Miner Moth – Agonopterix spp
Parsnip Webworm – Depressaria pastinacella – Hodges #0922

Erebidae (Tiger, Lichen, Underwing, Litter, and Snout Moths)
Agreeable Tiger Moth – Spilosoma congrua – Hodges #8134
Ambiguous Moth – Lascoria ambigualis – Hodges #8393
American Idia – Idia americalis – Hodges #8322
Arge Moth — Grammia arge — Hodges #8199
Banded Tussock Moth – Halysidota tessellaris – Hodges #8203
Bride, The – Catocala neogama – Hodges #8798
Charming Underwing – Catocala blandula – Hodges #8867
Common Idia – Idia aemula – Hodges #8323
Complex Fan-foot – Zanclognatha protumnusalis – Hodges #8349
Dark banded Owlet – Phalaenophana pyramusalis – Hodges #8338
Dark-spotted Palthis – Palthis angulalis – Hodges #8397
Deceptive Snout – Hypena deceptalis – Hodges #8446
Delicate Cycnia – Cycnia tenera – Hodges #8230
Fall Webworm – Hyphantria cunea – Hodges #8140
False Pine Looper Zale – Zale duplicata – Hodges #8703
Forage Looper – Caenurgina erechtea – Hodges #8739
Giant Leopard Moth — Hypercompe scribonia – Hodges #8146
Girlfriend Underwing – Catocala amica – Hodges #8878
Glossy Black Idia — Idia lubricalis – Hodges #8334
Goldenrod Hooded Owlet – Cucullia asteroids – Hodges #10200
Gray-edged Snout – Hypena madefactalis — Hodges #8447
Grayish Fan-foot – Zanclognatha pedipilalis – Hodges #8348
Green Cloverworm – Hypena scabra – Hodges #8465
Harnessed Tiger Moth – Apantesis phalerata – Hodges #8169
Hop Vine Moth – Hypena humuli – Hodges #8461
Horrid Zale – Zale horrida – Hodges #8717
Isabella Tiger Moth – Pyrrharctia Isabella – Hodges #8129
Judith’s Underwing – Catocala judith – Hodges #8781
Little lined Underwing – Catocala lineella – Hodges #8878.1
Little Nymph, The – Catocala micronympha – Hodges #8876
Little Virgin Tiger Moth – Grammia virguncula – Hodges #8175
Milkweed Tussock Moth – Euchaetes egle – Hodges #8238
Mottled Snout – Hypena palparia – Hodges #8444
Oldwife Underwing – Catocala palaeogama – Hodges #8795
Orange Virbia – Virbia aurantiaca – Hodges #8121
Painted Lichen Moth – Hypoprepia fucosa – Hodges #8090
Pale Lichen Moth – Crambidia pallida – Hodges #8045.1
Penitent Underwing Moth — Catocala piatrix – Hodges #8771
Reversed Haploa Tiger Moth – Haploa reversa – Hodges #8109
Salt Marsh Caterpillar and Moth — Estigmene acrea – Hodges #8131
Serene Underwing – Catocala serena – Hodges #8779
Sociable Renia – Renia factiosalis – Hodges #8379
Thin-lined Owlet – Isogona tenuis – Hodges #8493
Virgin Tiger Moth — Grammia virgo – Hodges #8197
Virginia Ctenucha – Ctenucha virginica – Hodges #8262
Virginian Tiger Moth or Yellow Bear Caterpillar — Spilosoma virginica – Hodges #8137
Wavy-lined Fan-foot – Zanclognatha jacchusalis – Hodges #8353
White Underwing —  Catocala relicta – Hodges #8803
White-lined Snout – Hypena abalienalis – Hodges #8445
Widow Underwing – Catocala vidua – Hodges #8792
Woody Underwing —  Catocala grynea – Hodges #8864
Yellow-collared Scape Moth — Cisseps fulvicollis – Hodges #8267
Yellow gray Underwing — Catocala retecta – Hodges #8788
Yellow-spotted Renia – Renia flavipunctalis – Hodges #8384.1

Gelechiidae (Twirler Moths)
Bilobed Dichomeris —  Dichomeris bilobella  — Hodges #2291
Chionodes fondella – Hodges#2076
Copa Dichomeris —  Dichomeris copa – Hodges #2291.2
Cream edged Dichomeris – Dichomeris flavocostella – Hodges #2295
Lanceolate Moth – Helcystogramma hystricella – Hodges #2268
Music loving Moth – Battaristis concinusella – Hodges #2225
Pink washed Aristotelia – Aristotelia roseosuffusella – Hodges #1761
Spotted Dichomeris – Dichomeris punctidiscella – Hodges #2283

Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Barberry Geometer —  Coryphista meadii – Hodges #7290
Barred Granite – Speranza subcessaria – Hodges #6303
Beggar, The — Eubaphe mendica – Hodges #7440
Bent-line Carpet – Costavonvexa centrostrigaria – Hodges #7416
Bent line Gray – Iridopsis larvaria – Hodges #6588
Blackberry Looper – Chlorochlamys chloroleucaria – Hodges #7071
Brown Bark Carpet – Horisme intestinata – Hodges #7445
Bruce Spanworm – Operophtera bruceata – Hodges #7437
Canadian Melanolophia – Melanolophia canadaria – Hodges #6620
Cherry Scallop Shell – Rheumaptera prunivorata – Hodges #7292
Chickweed Geometer —  aematopis grataria — Hodges #7146
Common Angle – Macaria aemulataria – Hodges #6326
Common Gray — Anavitrinella pampinaria – Hodges #5690
Common Lytrosis – Lytrosis unitaria – Hodges #6720
Common Pug – Eupithecia miserulata – Hodges #7474
Common Tan Wave – Pleuroprucha insularia – Hodges #7132
Confused Eusarca —  Eusarca confusaria – Hodges #6941
Crocus Geometer – Xanthotype sospeta – Hodges #6743
Currant Spanworm – Speranza ribearia – Hodges #6274
Gem, The – Orthonama obstipata – Hodges #7414
Greater Grapevine Looper – Eulithis gracilineata – Hodges #7197
Half Wing, The – Phigalia titea – Hodges #6658
Hemlock Angle – Macaria fissinotata – Hodges #6348
Honest Pero – Pero honestaria – Hodges #6753
Horned Spanworm – Nematocampa resistaria – Hodges #7010
Hubner’s Pero – Pero ancetaria – Hodges #6748
Johnson’s Euchlaena – Euclaena johnsonaria – Hodges #6729
Large Lace-Border Moth — Scopula limboundata — Hodges #7159
Large Maple Spanworm — Prochoerodes lineola – Hodges #6982
Large Purplish Gray – Iridopsis vellivolata – Hodges #6582
Lesser Grapevine Looper – Eulithis diversilineata – Hodges #7196
Minor Angle – Macaria minorata – Hdges #6340
Morrison’s Pero – Pero morrisonaria – Hodges #6755
Oak Besma – Besma quercivoraria – Hodges #6885
Pale Beauty – Campaea perlata – Hodges #6796
Pepper-and-Salt Geometer – Biston betularia – Hodges #6640
Porcelain Gray – Protoboarmia porcelaria – Hodges #6598
Powdered Bigwing – Lobophora nivigerata – Hodges #7640
Red Twin-Spot – Xanthorhoe ferrugata – Hodges #7388
Red-headed Inchworm —  Macaria bisignata – Hodges #6342
Scalloped Metarranthis Complex – Metarranthis sp
Sharp-angled Carpet — Euphyia intermediata – Hodges #7399
Signate Melanolophia – Melanolophia signataria – Hodges #6621
Small Engrailed – Ectropis crepuscularia – Hodges #6597
Small Phigalia – Phigalia strigataria – Hodges #6660
Small Purplish Gray – Iridopsis humaria – Hodges #6584
Snowy Geometer — Eugonobapta nivosaria – Hodges #6965
Soft-lined Wave — Scopula inductata – Hodges #7169
Spring Cankerworm – Paleacrita vernata – Hodges #6662
Straight lined Plagodis – Plagodis phlogosaria – Hodges #6842
Three patched Bigwing – Heterophleps refusaria – Hodges #7645
Three spotted Fillip – Heterophleps triguttaria – Hodges #7647
Toothed Brown Carpet – Xanthorhoe lacustrata – Hodges #7390
Unadorned Carpet – Hydrelia inornata – Hodges #7422
Wavy lined Emerald – Synchlora aerata – Hodges #7058
White Slant-Line — Tetracis cachexiata — Hodges #6964
White-striped Black – Trichodezia albovittata – Hodges #7430
Wormwood Pug – Eupithecia absinthiata – Hodges #7586.1
Xanthotype sp
Yellow Slant Line – Tetracis crocallata – Hodges #6963

Gracillariidae (Leaf Blotch Miner Moths)
Parectopa plantaginisella – Hodges#0656

Lasiocampidae (Tent Caterpillar and Lappet Moths)
American Lappet Moth — Phyllodesma americana — Hodges #7687
Eastern Tent Caterpillar Moth – Malacosoma americana — Hodges #7701
Forest Tent Caterpillar Moth — Malacosoma disstria — Hodges#7698

Limacodidae (Slug Caterpillar Moths)
Yellow-collared Slug Moth – Apoda y-inversum — Hodges #4667

Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Adorable Brocade — Platypolia mactata – Hodges #9419
American Dun-Bar Moth – Cosmia calami – Hodges #9815
American Ear Moth – Amphipoea americana – Hodges #9457
Arcigera Flower Moth — Schinia arcigera – Hodges #11128
Ash-tip Borer —  Papaipema furcata – Hodges #9495
Bicolored Sallow – Sunira bicolorago – Hodges #9957
Black dotted Glyph – Maliattha synochitis – Hodges #9049
Black Wedge-Spot – Homophoberia apicosa – Hodges #9057
Bristly Cutworm – Lacinipolia renigera – Hodges #10397
Black banded Brocade – Oligia modica – Hodges #9404
Bridled Arches – Lacinipolia lorea – Hodges #10405
Broken-lined Brocade – Mesapamea fractilinea – Hodges #9406
Bronzed Cutworm – Nephelodes minians – Hodges #10524
Brother, The – Rafia frater – Hodges #9193
Brown-collared Dart – Protolampra brunneicollis – Hodges #11006
Brown-lined Sallow – Sympisitis badistriga – Hodges #10059
Celery Looper — Anagrapha falcifera – Hodges #8924
Clover Looper – Caenurgina crassiuscula – Hodges #8738
Comma Wainscot – Leucania commoides – Hodges #10447
Common Looper – Autographa precationis – Hodge #8908
Common Pinkband – Ogdoconta cinereola – Hodges #9720
Confused Woodgrain – Morrisonia confusa – Hodges #10521
Copper Underwing —  Amphipyra pyramidoides – Hodges #9638
Corn Earworm – Helicoverpa zea – Hodges #11068
Cynical Quaker – Orthodes cynica – Hodges #10587
Dark-spotted Looper —  Diachrysia aereoides – Hodges #8896
Darker-spotted Straw Moth – Heliocheilus phloxiphaga – Hodges #11072
Dichagyris grotei – Hodges#10869
Dingy Cutworm Moth Feltia jaculifera – Hodges #10670
Dot-and-Dash Swordgrass – Xylena curvimacula – Hodges #9874
Double lobed Moth – Lateroligia ophiogramma – Hodges #9385.1
Dusky Apamea – Apamea plutonia – Hodges #9344
Dusky Groundling – Condica vecors – Hodges #9696
Figure Eight Sallow – Psaphida resumens – Hodges #10019
Fleece winged Dart – Euxoa velleripennis – Hodges #10803
Funerary Dagger – Acronicta funeralis – Hodges #9221
Glassy Cutworm – Apamea devastator – Hodges #9382
Gray Half-spot —  Nedra ramosula – Hodges #9582
Gray Marvel – Anterastria teratophora – Hodges #9284
Gray Sallow – Psaphida grandis – Hodges #10013
Great Oak Dagger – Acronicta lobeliae – Hodges #9238
Greater Black Letter Dart – Xestia dolosa – Hodges #10942.1
Greater Red Dart – Abagrotis alternata – Hodges #11029
Green Leuconycta – Leuconycta diphteroides – Hodges #9065
Harris’s Three Spot – Harrisimemna trisignata – Hodges #9286
Heterodox Wainscot – Leucania insueta – Hodges #10449
Hitched Arches — Melanchra adjuncta – Hodges #10292
Hydraecia stramentosa – Hodges #9516
Indigo Stem Borer – Papaipema baptisiae – Hodges #9485
Ipsilon Dart —  Agrotis ipsilon – Hodges #10663
Large Yellow Underwing – Noctua pronuba – Hodges #11003.1
Leconte’s Haploa Moth – Haploa lecontei – Hodges #8111
Linda’s Wainscot – Leucania linda – Hodges #10445
Many dotted Appleworm – Balsa malana – Hodges #9662
Many-lined Wainscot – Leucania multilinea – Hodges #10446
Master’s Dart —  Feltia herilis – Hodges #10676
Miranda Moth – Proxenus miranda – Hodges #9647
Morrison’s Sallow – Eupsilia morrisoni – Hodges #9936
Morrison’s Sooty Dart – Pseudohermonassa tenuicula – Hodges #10951
Mouse Moth – Amphipyra tragopoginis – Hodges #9539
Multicolored Sedgeminer – Meropleon diversicolor – Hodges #9247
Nameless Pinion – Lithophane innominata – Hodges #9888
Newman’s Brocade – Meropleon ambifusca – Hodges #9428
Norman’s Quaker – Crocigrapha normani – Hodges #10501
Northern Burdock Borer – Papaipema arctivorens – Hodges #9471
Nutmeg, The – Anarta trifolii – Hodges #10223
Olive-shaded Bird-Dropping Moth – Ponometia candefacta – Hodges #9090
Ovate Dagger – Acronicta ovata – Hodges #9243
Owl-eyed Bird-dropping Moth – Cerma cora – Hodges #9061
Pale-banded Dart – Agnorisma badinodis – Hodges #10955
Pearly Underwing – Peridroma saucia – Hodges #10915
Pink-barred Pseudeustrotia – Pseudeustrotia carneola – Hodges #9053
Pleasant Dagger —  Acronicta laetifica – Hodges #9227
Rigid Sunflower Borer – Papaipema ridiga – Hodges #9503
Rustic Quaker —  Orthodes majuscula – Hodges #10585
Setaceous Hebrew Character —  Xestia c-nigrum – Hodges #10942
Small Bird-Dropping Moth – Ponometia erastrioides – Hodges #9095
Subgothic Dart – Feltia subgothica – Hodges #10674
Swordsman Dart – Agrotis gladiaria – Hodges #10648
Tessellate Dart – Euxoa tessellata – Hodges #10805
Three-lined Flower Moth – Schinia trifascia – Hodges #11149
Tobacco Budworm – Heliothis virescens – Hodges #11071
Tufted Bird-Dropping Moth – Cerma cerintha – Hodges #9062
Unsated Sallow – Metaxaglaxea inulta – Hodges #9943
Unspotted Looper – Allagrapha aerea – Hodges #8898
Wedgling, The – Galgula partita – Hodges #9688
White-Speck, The – Mythimna unipuncta – Hodges #10438
Yellow-spotted Brocade — Oligia chlorostigma —  Hodges #9402
Yellow-striped Armyworm Moth — Spodoptera ornithogalli – Hodges #9669

Notodontidae (Prominent Moths)
Common Gluphisia — Gluphisia septentrionis — Hodges #7931

Pterophoridae (Plume Moths)
Artichoke Plume Moth — Platyptilia carduidactyla – Hodges #6109
Black-marked Plume Moth – Hellinsia inquinatus – Hodges #6186
Grape Plume Moth – Geina periscelidactylus – Hodges #6091
Morning-Glory Plume Moth – Emmelina monodactyla – Hodges #6234

Pyralidae (Grass and Lawnmower Moths)
Clover Hayworm — Hypsopygia costalis — Hodges #5524
Grease Moth – Aglossa cuprina – Hodges #5518
Posturing Arta Moth – Arta Statalis – Hodges #5656

Saturniidae (Giant Silkworm and Royal Moths)
Imperial Moth – Eacles imperialis – Hodges #7704

Sphingidae (Sphinx Moths)
Abbott’s Sphinx — Sphecodina abbottii – Hodges #7870
Azalea Sphinx — Darapsa choerilus – Hodges #7886
Carolina Sphinx – Manduca sexta – Hodges #7775
Elm Sphinx – Ceratomia amyntor – Hodges #7786
Hummingbird Clearwing – Hemaris thysbe – Hodges #7853
Pandorus Sphinx – Eumorpha pandorus – Hodges #7859
Small-eyed Sphinx — Paonias myops — Hodges #7825
Snowberry Clearwing — Hemaris diffinis – Hodges #7855
Virginia Creeper Sphinx — Darapsa myron — Hodges #7885
White-lined Sphinx – Hyles lineata – Hodges #7894

Tineidae (Clothes Moths)
Yellow Wave Moth – Hybroma servulella – Hodges #0330

Tortricidae (Leaffolders, Leafrollers, Fruit, and Bell Moths)
Black-and-Gray Leafroller — Syndemis afflictana – Hodges #3672
Clemens’ Clepsis Moth — Clepsis clemensiana – Hodges #3684
Eucosma Matutina – Eucosma matutina – Hodges #3091
Filbertworm Moth – Cydia latiferreana – Hodges #3494
Maple Twig Borer —  Proteoteras aesculana – Hodges #3230
Oblique-banded Leafroller — Choristoneura rosaceana — Hodges #3635 Olethreutes Moth – Olethreutes spp
Omnivorous Leafroller — Archips purpurana – Hodges #3658
Poplar Leafroller —  Pseudosciaphila duplex – Hodges #2769
Reticulated Fruitworm – Cenopis reticulatana – Hodges #3720
Shimmering Adoxophyes —  Adoxophyes negundana – Hodges #3691
Similar Eucosma – Eucosma similiana – Hodges #3116.1
Sparganothis Fruitworm – Sparganothis sulphureana – Hodges #3695
Triangle-backed Eucosma —  Eucosma dorsisignatana – Hodges #3116
Verbena Bud Moth — Endothenia hebesana – Hodges #2738

Yponomeutidae (Ermine Moths)
Ailanthus Webworm – Atteva aurea – Hodges #2401

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