Driftless Prairies: Native Habitat Restoration

Nature inspires awe!

Coleoptera – Beetles

There are more named species of beetles than any other group and beetles make up 25% of all the species that have been described. Beetles are some of the easier recognized, probably because of their hardened elytra.  Instead of having 4 wings, they have evolved to have the 2 forewings hardened (called the elytra), providing a protective coating for their soft bodies. Coleoptera is derived from Greek meaning “sheath wings.” Beetles are found just about everywhere in the world and in every habitat.

Beetle larvae do not have a single common name like other orders of insects might. Their larvae can be called grubs, rootworm, mealworm, wireworm, or borers. The larvae feeding habits range from living to dead plant tissue, fungi, carrion, and dung; some may be predaceous and other may be parasitic.

The wood-boring beetles leave their signature on trees by their tracks. The shape and size of their burrows as they drill to the center of the tree is distinctive and indicative of which species has invaded the tree.

I have done my best to ID these accurately and have lots of good help from the folks at BugGuide, which is an indispensable resource for all things insects! Here’s a list of references I used for the information provided and the IDs. Of course, if you find any errors, please let me know.

I’ve listed all the beetles alphabetically by family and alphabetically within the family – for ease of use. If you click on the family name, you’ll be taken to a page with info on that family and a gallery of photos of beetles within that family. Each photo is linked to an individual page if you want to look at other photos of the same insect and learn more about that particular genus. All photos are taken by me.

Anthicidae (Antlike Flower Beetles)
Notoxus desertus

Anthribidae (Fungus Weevils)
Euparius marmoreusMarbled Fungus Weevil

Bostrichidae (Horned Powder post Beetles)
Lichenophanes bicornis

Brentidae (Straight-Snouted Weevils)
Arrhenodes minutus – Oak Timberworm
Trichapion rostrum

Buprestidae (Metallic Wood-boring Beetles)
Agrilus ruficollis – Red-necked Cane Borer

Cantharidae (Soldier Beetles or Leather-winged Beetles)
Atalantycha bilineata – Two-lined Leatherwing Beetle
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus – Pennsylvania Leather-wing
Podabrus flavicollis
Podabrus rugosulus
Podabrus tomentosus

Carabidae (Ground Beetles)
Agonum sp
Anisodactylus sanctaecrucis
Bembidion rapidum
Brachinus sp – Bombardier Beetle
Calleida punctata
Calosoma wilcoxi – Wilcox’s Caterpillar Hunter
Chlaenius tricolor tricolor
Cicindela punctulata – Punctured Tiger Beetle
Cicindela sexguttata – Six-spotted Tiger Beetle
Galerita bicolor – False Bombardier Beetle
Harpalus caliginosis – Murky Ground Beetle
Harpalus Subgenus Megapangus
Harpalus pensylvanicus – Pennsylvania Dingy Ground Beetle
Lebia solea
Paraclivina bipustulata – Two spot Slope rumped Beetle
Platynus decentis
Scarites subterraneus – Tunneling Large Pedunculate Beetle
Sphaeroderus stenostomus lecontei
Stenolophus comma
Stenolophus lineola

Cerambycidae – Longhorned Beetles
Anelaphus parallelus – Oak Twig Pruner
Clytus ruricola
Brachysomida bivittata
Enaphalodes rufulus – Red Oak Borer
Euderces picipes
Graphisurus despectus
Graphisurus fasciatus
Monochamus scutellatusWhite spotted Sawyer
Neandra brunnea – Pole Borer
Saperda candida – Round-headed Apple Tree Borer
Saperda discoidea – Hickory Saperda
Saperda vestita – Linden Borer
Strangalia luteicornis
Tetraopes tetraophthalmus – Red Milkweed Beetle
Typocerus velutinus – Banded Long-horned Beetle
Xlyotrechus colonus – Rustic Borer

Chrysomelidae (Leaf Beetles)
Acalymma vittatum – Striped Cucumber Beetle
Agroiconota bivittata – Tortoise Beetle
Bromius obscurus – Western Grape Rootworm
Crepidodera sp
Diabrotica barberi – Northern Corn Rootworm
Diabrotica cristata
Diabrotica undecimpunctata – Spotted Cucumber Beetle
Disonycha xanthomelas – Spinach Flea Beetle
Luperaltica nigripalpis
Microrhopala excavata
Paria sp
Paria fragariae-complex – Strawberry Rootworm
Systena marginalis – Margined Systena
Trirhabda canadensis – Goldenrod Leaf Beetle

Coccinellidae (Lady Beetles)
Brachiacantha ursina – Orange spotted Lady Beetle
Chilocorus stigma
Twice stabbed Lady Beetle
Coccinella novemnotata – Nine-spotted Lady Beetle
Cycloneda munda – Polished Lady Beetle
Harmonia axyridis – Asian Lady Beetle
Hippodamia convergens – Convergent Lady Beetle
Hippodamia variegata – Variegated Lady Beetle

Curculionidae (Snout & Bark Beetles)
Calomycterus setarius  -Imported Long Horn Weevil
Curculio sp – Nut and Acorn Weevil
Epicaerus sp
Listroderes sp
Listronotus humilis
Neoporus sp
Odontocorynus sp
Otiorhynchus sulcatus – Black Vine Weevil
Polydrusus formosus – Green Immigrant Leaf Weevil
Polydrusus impressifrons – Pale Green Weevil
Pseudobaris angusta
Sciaphilus asperatus

Sitona hispidulus – Clover Weevil

Dytiscidae (Predaceous Diving Beetle)
Colymbetes sculptilis
Coptotomus longulus
Cybister fimbriolatus
Neoporus sp

Elateridae (Click Beetles)
Aeolus mellillus
Ampedus linteus
Elater abruptus
Hemicrepidius hemipodus

Hemicrepidius memnonius
Melanotus communis-complex
Sylvanelater cylindriformis

Elmidae (Riffle Beetles)
Optioservus fastiditus

Erotylidae (Pleasing Fungus & Lizard Beetles)
Toramus pulchellus

Geotrupidae (Earth-boring Scarabs)
Bolbocerosoma bruneri
Geotrupes splendidus – Splendid Earth Boring Beetle

Gyrinidae (Whirligig Beetles)
Dineutus emarginatus

Heteroceridae (Variegated Mud-loving Beetle)
Heterocerus mollinus – Variegated Mud-loving Beetle

Hydrophilidae (Water Scavenger Beetles)
Berosus sp
Cercyon praetextatus
Hydrochara soror
Tropisternus lateralis nimbatus

Lampyridae (Fireflies)
Photinus pyralis

Latridiidae  (Minute Brown Scavenger Beetles)
Melanophthalma subgenus Melanophthalma

Lucanidae (Stag Beetles)
Dorcus parallelus – Antelope Beetle

Lycidae (Net winged and Sap Beetles)
Calopteron terminale – End Band Net wing
Erotides sculptilis

Meloidae (Blister Beetles)
Epicauta funebris – Margined Blister Beetle
Epicauta pennsylvanica – Black Blister Beetle
Zonitis bilineata
Zonitis vittigera

Mordelliidae (Tumbling Flower Beetles)
Glipa oculata
Mordella marginata
Mordellistena convicta

Mordellistena sp

Mycetophagidae (Hairy Fungus Beetles)
Mycetophagus punctatus – Hairy Fungus Beetle
Typhaea stercorea

Nitidulidae (Sap-feeding Beetles)
Cryptarcha ampla
Glischrochilus quadrisignatus – Picnic Beetle
Glischrochilus sanguinolentus

Phalacridae (Shining Flower and Mold Beetles)
Stilbus apicalis

Phengodidae (Glowworm Beetles)
Phengodes sp

Pyrochroidae (Fire-colored Beetles)
Neopyrochroa flabellata

Ripiphoridae (Wedge shaped Beetles)
Macrosiagon limbatum

Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Ataenius sp – Small Dung Beetle
Copris fricator
Dichelonyx sp
Osmoderma eremicola – Hermit Flower Beetle
Pelidnota punctata – Spotted June Beetle
Phyllophaga sp
Phyllophaga tristis
Serica sp
Xyloryctes jamaicensis – Rhinoceros Beetle

Silphidae (Carrion or Burying Beetles)
Necrodes surinamensis – Red lined Carrion Beetle
Nicrophorus pustulatus

Nicrophorus orbicollis – Roundneck Sexton Beetle
Oiceoptoma noveboracense – Margined Carrion Beetle

Silvanidae (Silvanid Flat Bark Beetles)
Ahasverus rectus

Staphylinidae (Rove Beetles)
Homaeotarsus sp
Neobisnius sp
Platydracus (cinnamopterus complex)
Tachyporus sp

Stenotrachelidae (False Longhorn Beetles)
Cephaloon lepturides – False Leptura Beetle

Tenebrionidae (Darkling Beetles)
Bolitotherus cornutus – Forked Fungus Beetle
Cynaeus angustus – Larger Black Flour Beetle

Trogidae (Hide or Skin Beetles)
Trox scaber