Driftless Prairies: Native Habitat Restoration

Nature inspires awe!

Weeds & Invasive Plants

My goal is to have a profile on each of these with photos. This list includes plants only; trees,. shrubs, and vines that are invasive are listed under the Trees, Shrubs, and Vines Inventory. There are native plants that can become aggressive and are undesirable for this reason but this list is only of plants that are exotic, meaning they came to the US from another country. If the plant is not native it is listed here.

I created a listing of the weeds and invasives that folks in this area generally encounter. This ranks them from 1-3 with 1 being an invasive that needs immediate attention to 3 being weeds. This listing also explains why is it considered a 1, 2, or 3 and provides a treatment method that is known to be effective.

Alfalfa – Medicago sativa
Barnyardgrass – Echinochloa crus-galli
Bindweed, field – Convolvulus arvensis
Bindweed, Hedge – Calystegia sepium
Black Medick – Medicago lupulina
Bladder Campion – Silene vulgaris
Brome, Smooth — Bromus inermis
Burdock, Common – Arctium minus
Catnip — Nepeta cataria
Chicory – Cichorium intybus
Clover, Red – Trifolium pratense
Cocklebur, Common – Xanthium strumarium
Common St Johnswort – Hypericum perfolatum
Common Sow thistle – Sonchus aleraceus
Daisy, Ox eye – Leucanthemum vulgare
Dandelions, Common – Taraxacum officinale
Dock, Curly – Rumex crispus
Fieldcress, Field Pepper Weed – Lepidium campestre
Foxtail — Setaria spp
Garlic MustardAllaris petiolata
Goat’s Beard – Tragopogon dubius
Hedge parsley, Japanese – Torilis japonica
Hoary alyssum – Berteroa incana
Honeysuckle, Japanese — Lonicera japonica
Kenucky bluegrass – Poa pratensis
Knapweed, Spotted – Centaurea maculosa
Knotweed, Common – Polygonum aviculare
Lettuce, Prickly — Lactuca serriola
Lambs Quarters, Common – Chenopodium album
Motherwort — Leonurus cardiaca
Mouse-eared chickweed – Cerastium vulgatum
Mullein, Common – Verbascum thapsus
Mullein, Moth – Verbascum blattaria
Mustard, Black – Brassica nigra
Mustard, haresear — Cominga orientalis
Nettle, Stinging – Urtica dioica
Orchardgrass — Dactylis glomerata
Oxeye Daisy – Leucanthemum vulgare
Parsnip, Wild – Pastinaca sativa
Plantain, common – Plantago major
Plantain, Narrowleaf – Plantago lanceolata
Quackgrass — Elymus repens
Queen Anne’s LaceDaucus carotus
Ragweed, Common – Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Ragweed, Giant – Ambrosia trifida
Reed canarygrassPhalaris arundinacea – See also this comprehensive paper written by Craig Annen.
Shepherd’s Purse – Capsella bursa-pastoris
Spotted Knapweed – Centaurea maculosa
Spotted Lady’s Thumb – Persicaria maculata
St Johns Wort, Common — Hypericum perfolatum
Stinkweed – Thlapsi avense
Sumac, Smooth — Rhus glabra
Sweet Clover, White – Melilotus, yellow
Sweet Clover, Yellow – Melilotus officinalis
Thistle, Bull – Cirsium vulgare
Thistle, Canada – Cirsium arvense
Thistle, Nodding – Cirsium nutans