Plant Listing

For simplicity, all plants are organized alphabetically by botanical name. Check out How to ID Sedges if this is new to you. You’ll find this info to make sedge ID much easier! Each of these plants has a specific sun or shade requirement as well as soil moisture requirement. Our land has full sun prairies that grade from dry to wet mesic, savanna areas, and woodlands. 

prairie roots

Achillea millefolium – Yarrow

Actaea rubra – Red baneberry

Adiantum pedatum – Maidenshair fern

Agastache foeniculum – Anise hyssop

Agastache nepetoides – Yellow hyssop

Agastache scrophulariifolia – Purple hyssop

Agrimonia gryposepala – Tall agrimony

Allium cernuum – Nodding wild onion

Allium tricoccum – Wild Leek

Ambrosia artemisiifolia – Common ragweed

Ambrosia trifida – Giant ragweed

Amorpha canescens – Leadplant

Amphicarpaea bracteate – American hog peanut

Andropogon gerardii – Big bluestem

Anemone acutiloba – Sharp-lobed hepatica

Anemone americana – Round-lobed hepatica

Anemone cylindrica – Long-headed thimbleweed

Anemone patens – American Pasqueflower

Anemone quinquefolia – Wood anemone

Anemone virginiana – Tall thimbleweed

Antennaria neglecta – Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium – Spreading dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis – Columbine

Arabis glabra – Tower mustard

Aralia nudicaulis – Wild sarsparilla

Aralia racemosa – American Spikenard

Arisaema triphyllum – Jack in the pulpit

Arnoglossum atriplicifolium – Pale Indian plantain

Arnoglossum plantagineum – Prairie Indian plantain

Artemisia ludoviciana – Prairie Sage

Asarum canadense – Wild ginger

Asclepias exaltata-Poke milkweed

Asclepias incarnata-Swamp milkweed

Asclepias purpurascens-Purple milkweed

Asclepias sullivantii-Prairie milkweed

Asclepias syriaca –Common milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa-Butterfly milkweed

Asclepias verticillata-Whorled milkweed

Asclepias viridiflora-Short green milkweed

Aster cordifolium-Wood aster

Aster ericoides-Heath aster

Aster laevis –Smooth blue aster

Aster lateriflorum-Calico aster

Aster novae-angliae-New England aster

Aster oblongifolium-Aromatic aster

Aster ontarionis-Bottomland aster

Aster oolentangiensis-Sky blue aster

Aster pilosum-Frost aster

Aster puniceus-Purple stemmed aster

Aster sagittifolius-Arrow leaf aster

Aster sericeus-Silky aster

Aster shortii-Short’s aster

Astragalus canadensis-Canadian milk vetch

Athyrium filix-femina –Northern Lady Fern

Baptisia alba-White indigo

Baptisia bracteata-Cream false indigo

Bidens vulgata-Bidens

Boltonia asteroides-False aster

Bouteloua curtipendula-Side oats grama

Brickellia eupatorioides-Kuhnia

Bromus ciliatus-Woodland brome

Bromus kalmii-Kalm’s brome

Camassia scilloides-Wild hyacinth

Campanula americana-Tall bellflower

Carex blanda-Common woodland sedge

Carex cephaloidea-Clustered bracted sedge

Carex gravida-Heavy sedge

Carex molesta-Troublesome sedge

Carex pennsylvanica-Pennsylvania sedge

Carex rosea-Rosy sedge

Carex sterilis-Dioecious sedge

Caulophyllum thalictroides-Blue cohosh

Ceoanthus americanus –New Jersey Tea

Chamaecrista fasciculata-Partridge pea

Chamaesyce glyptosperma-Ridge seeded spurge

Chamaesyce maculata-Milk purslane

Chelone glabra-Turtlehead

Circaea canadensis –Enchanter’s nightshade

Cirsium altissimum-Wood thistle

Cirsium discolor-Old field thistle

Cirsium hillii-Hill’s thistle

Cirsium muticum-Swamp thistle

Claytonia virginica-Spring beauty

Clematis virginiana-Virgin’s bower

Coreopsis palmata-Prairie tickseed

Coreopsis tripteris-Tall coreopsis

Cryptotaenia canadensis-Honewort

Cypripedium parviflorum-Yellow lady’s slipper

Dalea candida –White prairie clover

Dalea purpurea –Purple prairie clover

Desmodium canadense –Showy tick trefoil

Desmodium glutinosum-Woodland tick trefoil

Desmodium illinoense –Illinois tick trefoil

Dioscorea villosa-Wild yam

Dodecatheon meadia-Shooting star

Echinacea pallida-Pale purple coneflower

Echinocystis lobata-Wild cucumber

Elymus canadensis-Canada wild rye

Elymus hystrix –Bottlebrush grass

Elymus riparius-Woodland rye

Elymus villosus-Silky wild rye

Elymus virginicus-Virginia wild rye

Eragrostis spectabilis-Purple love grass

Erechtites hieracifolia-American burnweed

Erigeron annuus-Annual fleabane

Eryngium yuccifolium –Rattlesnake master

Eupatorium altissimum-Tall boneset

Eupatorium perfoliatum-Common boneset

Eupatorium rugosum-White snakeroot

Eupatorium sessifolia-Upland boneset

Euphorbia corollata –Flowering spurge

Eutrochium maculatum-Spotted Joe pye

Eutrochium purpureum-Woodland Joe Pye

Galearis spectabilis-Showy orchis

Galium aparine-Annual bedstraw

Galium concinnum-Pretty bedstraw

Galium triflorum-Sweet-scented bedstraw

Gaura biennis-Gaura

Gentiana alba –Cream gentian

Gentiana andrewsii –Bottle gentian

Gentianella quinuefolia –Stiff gentian

Geranium maculatum-Wild geranium

Geum canadense-White avens

Geum laciniatum-Rough avens

Geum triflorum-Prairie smoke

Gymnocarpium dryopteris-Common oak fern

Hackelia virginiana-Beggar’s lice

Helenium autumnale-Sneezeweed

Helianthus giganteus-Giant sunflower

Helianthus pauciflorus-Showy sunflower

Helianthus stromosus-Woodland sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides –Ox-eye sunflower

Heuchera richardsonii-Alumroot

Hypericum punctatum-Spotted St John’s wort

Hypericum pyramidatum-Great St. Johns wort

Hyposix hirsuta-Yellow Star grass

Juncus tenuis-Poverty rush

Koeleria macrantha –June grass

Kuhnia eupatorioides –False boneset

Lactuca canadensis-Wild lettuce

Lespedeza capitata –Round headed bush clover

Liatris aspera-Rough blazingstar

Liatris ligulistylis-Showy blazingstar

Liatris pycnostachya-Prairie blazingstar

Lilium michiganense-Turk’s cap lily

Linum sulcatum-Grooved yellow flax

Lithospermum canescens-Hoary puccoon

Lobelia cardinalis-Cardinal flower

Lobelia inflata-Indian tobacco

Lobelia siphilitica-Great blue lobelia

Lobelia spicata-Pale-spiked lobelia

Lupinus perennis-Wild lupine

Lysimachia ciliata-Fringed Loosestrife

Lysimachia quadriflora-Narrow leaved loosestrife

Maianthemum racemosa-False Solomon’s seal

Maianthemum stellata-Starry Solomon’s Plume

Monarda fistulosa-Monarda

Monarda punctata –Mint, Dotted

Monotropa uniflora-Indian pipe

Muhlenbergia schreberi-Nimble-will

Napaea dioica-Glade mallow

Oenothera biennis –Evening primrose

Onosmodium molle-Marbleseed

Osmorhiza claytonii-Sweet Cicely, Hairy

Oxalis stricta-Common yellow wood sorrel

Oxalis violaceae-Violet wood sorrel

Packera paupercula-Prairie ragwort

Packera platensis-Prairie groundsel

Panicum capillare-Common witch grass

Parthenium integrifolium –Quinine

Pedicularis canadensis-Wood betony

Pedicularis lanceolata-Swamp lousewort

Penstemon digitalis-Penstemon

Penstemon grandiflorus-Large flowered penstemon

 

Phlox pilosa-Phlox

Phyrma leptostachya-Lopseed

Physalis longifolia-Smooth Ground cherry

Pilea pumila-Canada clearweed

Podophyllum peltatum-May apple

Polemonium reptans-St. Jacob’s Ladder

Polygonam achoreum-Leathery knotweed

Polygonatum biflorum-Smooth Solomon’s seal

Potentilla arguta –Tall cinquefoil

Potentilla norvegica-Rough Cinquefoil

Prenanthes alba-Lion’s foot

Prunella vulgaris-Heal-All

Pycanthemum virginianum –Mountain mint

Ranunculus fascicularis-Early buttercup

Ranunculus recurvatus-Hooked buttercup

Ratibida pinnata-Yellow coneflower

Rosa carolina-Pasture Rose

Rosa sp-Rose

Rudbeckia hirta-Black eye susan

Rudbeckia triloba –Brown-eyed susan

Ruellia humilis-Hairy wild petunia

Sanguinaria canadensis-Bloodroot

Sanicula marilandica-Black snakeroot

Sanicula odorata-Clustered snakeroot

Schizachyrium scoparium-Little bluestem

Scirpus cyperinus-Woolgrass

Scrophularia marilandica-Figwort

Senna hebecarpa-Wild senna

Silene regia-Royal catchfly

Silene stellata-Starry campion

Silphium integrifolium –Rosinweed

Silphium lacinatum –Compass plant

Silphium perfoliatum –Cup plant

Silphium terebinthinaceum –Prairie dock

Sisyrinchium campestre –Blue-eyed grass

Smilax herbacea-Common Carrion Flower

Solidago canadensis-Canada goldenrod

Solidago flexicaulis-Zigzag goldenrod

Solidago gigantea-Giant goldenrod

Solidago missouriensis –Missouri goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis-Gray goldenrod

Solidago ohiensis-Ohio goldenrod

Solidago rigida-Stiff goldenrod

Solidago speciosa –Showy goldenrod

Solidago ulmifolia-Elm leaf goldenrod

Sorghastrum nutans –Indian Grass

Spiranthes casei-Case’s lady tresses

Spiranthes ovalis-October Lady’s tresses

Sporobolus compositus-Rough dropseed

Sporobolus heterolepis –Prairie dropseed

Taenidia integerrima-Yellow pimpernel

Thalictrum dasycarpum-Purple meadow-rue

Thalictrum thalictroides-Rue Anemone

Tradescantia ohiensis-Ohio spiderwort

Trillium grandiflorum-Large flowered trillium

Triosteum aurantiacum-Tinker’s weed

Triosteum perfoliatum-Tinker’s weed

Urtica dioica-Stinging nettle

Uvularia grandiflora-Bellwort

Verbena hastata-Blue vervain

Verbena stricta-Hoary vervain

Verbena urticifolia-White vervain

Vernonia fasciculata-Ironweed

Veronicastrum virginicum-Culver’s root

Viola pedata-Birds foot violet

Viola pedatifida-Prairie violet

Viola sororia-Wood violet

Zigadenus elegans-Death Camas

Zizia aurea-Golden alexander

wetlands
wetlands
wetlands
wetlands

Elsie Berget created these beautiful real-life depictions of 4 ecosystems with native plants. They are created from cut paper.